Amid avalanche of hype, Desert Hot Springs medical cannabis industry faces challenges

california cannabis

By Omar Sacirbey

Longtime cannabis entrepreneur Greta Carter made a big career decision recently: She sold her Seattle marijuana business, gave up her Washington State residency and moved to Desert Hot Springs, California.

“I thought I could get a much better return on the time and money in California than in Washington,” Carter said.

Carter is one of many cannabis entrepreneurs planting their business stakes in Desert Hot Springs, which is hoping to become a major cultivation hub for the marijuana industry.

As the first municipality in California to authorize and regulate cannabis cultivation in 2014, Desert Hot Springs has gone from a sleepy, nearly bankrupt town to a marijuana magnet where scores of entrepreneurs are launching operations or exploring how to get a foothold in the market.

Several large-scale projects and many more smaller ones are being built out as entrepreneurs look to build several million square feet of cultivation space in the town, generating a fair amount of buzz within the industry and throughout California.

Town officials have won praise for their mostly canna-business friendly regulations, and many entrepreneurs see it as an ideal place to set up a cultivation operation given its proximity to the massive Los Angeles market.

But for all the hype, not a single cultivation business has opened yet, entrepreneurs are running into infrastructure issues and some industry insiders question whether many of the projects will come to fruition.

Desert calling

Getting into the town’s cannabis cultivation industry isn’t cheap: Carter estimates that it requires in the high seven-digit figures.

Yet there are still plenty of entrepreneurs looking to get involved.

Carter and her financial partner are building a 30,000-square-foot cultivation site in Desert Hot Springs and also bought a building in nearby Cathedral City, which recently approved a cultivation ordinance. Carter and other observers estimated that about 90% of the cannabis entrepreneurs in the area are from California, and the rest from other states, including one prospector from Germany.

Along with the business opportunities, Carter sees a chance to help shape the town’s and California’s marijuana regulatory system.

“California is where Washington State was three years ago,” Carter said. As examples, she pointed to “undefined state regulations” and many municipalities putting moratoriums on marijuana business.

At the moment, Desert Hot Springs has agreements with six developers who are renovating existing buildings for cultivation, and all should be open in a few months, said the city’s mayor, Scott Matas.

The town also has agreements with another six developers who have purchased land on which they plan to construct their grow sites from the ground-up. It’s less clear when these operations will get off the ground.

Between them, the 12 sites encompass close to two million square feet, ranging from 1,800 square feet to about one million square feet held by Oxford Properties, which plans to develop the site piecemeal over several years so that at least some of the land is generating income while the rest is still being built out.

Other major companies that have land approved for cultivation include G FarmaLabs, MedMen, and Schneider Investments.

Another 10 cultivation applicants could be approved in the next six months, Matas noted, which could bring the city’s cultivation square footage to about three million. Almost all of the available land for cultivation has been bought, but if there is demand – say if recreational legalization passes in November – if another one million square feet of industrial space in the city could be zoned for cultivation, Matas said.

There are also five dispensaries in town. Several more businesses are applying for dispensary alliances, though Matas expects only one or two will be granted because of saturation.

Ample skepticism

The relationship between the town and cannabis businesses has been good for both sides, with entrepreneurs being embraced in a state where scores municipalities have rejected them with moratoriums. Desert Hot Springs expects marijuana businesses will bring in $20 million in annual tax revenue – more than its total current annual budget of about $15 million.

Marijuana entrepreneurs and town officials have also so far struck up a cordial and cooperative relationship that could serve as an example to other municipalities where industry-local government relations have been acrimonious.

But not everybody sees Desert Hot Springs, population 28,000, as the place to be.

In large part that’s because many of the properties that have been zoned – and in many cases bought – for cannabis cultivation in parts of the town that don’t yet have electric, water or sewer infrastructure.

“In my professional opinion, many of the projects that have been approved there will not transpire either due to a lack of funding or a lack of capital,” said Aaron Herzberg, chief counsel at CalCann Holdings, a cannabis cultivation leasing company in Costa Mesa, California that also has a 2.5 acre plot of land in Desert Hot Springs earmarked for a greenhouse and processing lab.

“The vast majority of the projects have not been capitalized as of yet,” he said. “It’s two years since that ordinance has been passed, and not a single place has opened yet.”

While Herzberg noted that Desert Hot Springs has the potential to be a lucrative location for marijuana cultivators whose main market would be Los Angeles, about two hours away, it could soon be overtaken by other towns that may pass cultivation ordinances and are even closer to LA.

He also acknowledges that there are infrastructure problems to confront.

“If we were to do anything different, it would be to be ahead of the game on the power issues and infrastructure,” Matas said. “We got a little behind on that, but I think we’ll get caught up pretty quick.”

While utility company Southern California Edison told Matas it could provide power to existing buildings, getting electricity to properties without buildings could be challenging. Indeed, Matas noted that some areas will require studies that could take two or three years before they are ready for construction, not to mention the time needed for the infrastructure construction.

Rather than waiting, Oxford Properties has set aside an acre of land on which to build a substation to power its complex, at a cost of about $3 million, Matas said. While expensive, the substation would be a fraction of the roughly $500 million Oxford plans to spend on the project, which it plans to build out over several years.

Ideal climate

Whatever Desert Hot Springs lacks in infrastructure, town officials have tried to make up for it with a willingness to work with local industry people.

For example, the city’s current ordinance doesn’t allow extraction laboratories in some zones.

But when the Desert Hot Springs Cannabis Alliance Network, a new non-profit trade organization that Carter helped create, complained, Matas said town officials listened and are now working on a new ordinance that will allow extraction labs at an expanded number of cultivation zones, Matas said.

“Everybody came to the table and talked,” Matas said.

So despite the challenges to Desert Hot Springs becoming a true cannabis cultivation mecca, the atmosphere is cannabis-friendly.

“There’s a great political climate here,” said Carter, who is the executive director of the new trade group, and said her next cause would be lowering taxes.

“The taxes are still too high in Desert Springs, as they are in most communities, but once people see cannabis is nothing more than another agricultural product, they’ll treat us like regular business people,” Carter said.

Omar Sacirbey can be reached at [email protected]

9 comments on “Amid avalanche of hype, Desert Hot Springs medical cannabis industry faces challenges
  1. Seth Tyrssen on

    And herein lies the problem: cannabis is not “nothing more than another agricultural product.” It is a Sacred Herb, and those who insist on considering it to be the same as soybeans or wheat have opened the doors to big-money corporatist control. This takes it out of the hands of the Average Person, making it impossible for them to be in the business legally.

  2. Avis Bulbulyan on

    DHS was initially attractive because they were one of the first cities in the state to issue a formal license in the form of a CUP and since the app process wasn’t a merit based one, it provided a lot of groups the opportunity to jump into the industry. It’s the same in places like Adelanto, and Cathedral City. What was also attractive about DHS was that groups could put up greenhouses for significantly less than what they would pay to set up an indoor facility. What they aren’t taking into consideration is that the desert is too hot, too dry, for too long in the year to make for an efficient greenhouse operation in the middle of the desert. A lot of them are building out beyond the 22k square feet allowed under the state regs, so when the time comes for state licensing, they’ll have to scale back their operations. With the current timeline for infrastructure and build out, they probably won’t even break even before having to scale back. Taking into consideration population and the fact that a lot of cities closer to LA and Orange County will be coming online from now until state licensing, logistics becomes a nightmare for a wholesaler out there but more importantly, the state will probably not issue licenses to everyone who was able to secure a CUP. Then you have the ones that are making real estate plays out there where they come in as landlords and lease to the industry at crazy rates around the $3-$5/sf range. The first opportunity a tenant has to jump ship and go somewhere more reasonable, they’re going to bail. The inflated prices people are paying for land out there will come crashing down and a lot of people will lose some serious money.

  3. Concerned Californian on

    My main concern is that this place is a desert… And cannabis a notoriously thirsty plant. Where do these million square foot grows intend to get their water? Pipe it all from the Northern California watershed? Shouldn’t their be any concern for cannabis getting the same rep as almond growers in the area? I’m surprised the environmental aspect of a growing in a desert has not been mentioned once. Or are we just keeping mum on the subject because ordinances are pro-cultivation…

  4. Brett Roper on

    Good luck with such high cultivation business concentrations and trying to operate a greenhouse in that heat? … infrastructure and employment challenges will be substantial as well, I suspect.

  5. Brad on

    The location doesn’t make sense to me. For one thing how are they going to reduce the extreme heat in the greenhouses to optimum production levels without huge energy sucking air conditioning and bazillions of fans. I don’t worry about the water so much—it’s not as thirsty a plant as the prohibitionists erroneously claim and I’ve been growing the plant for 20 years.

  6. Toni on

    As a former builder/land developer & current licensed Wa Cannabis producer/processor since 2014….My perspective is that bringing in basic utilities not always easy, not inexpensive, & state may have a word or two about water utilization. Most ops will never materialize to completion.

    The larger indoor operations here spend about $1m to $2m yearly on electricity, last I checked Wa utilities were less than California & those lights produce a lot of heat, not to mention that to operate in DHS without 24/7/365 AC will produce nothing but wilted Cannabis, the cost to operate will be prohibitive.

    Those are only a couple points to consider, there are many multi million dollar Wa operations, contrasted to my low tech outdoor/organically/sun grown/pesticide free highly prolific operation. How many years before those big boys operations pencil, if ever? The instant cannabis is legal, the prices PLUNGE, which is surely part of the reason Washingtonians may flock to CA anticipating that it may be different there, but why would it be?

    Wa street price before legalization was about $10g, while retail prices now generally are well below that. Our Cannabis, including thc tests with nothing below 20% and 2 above 30% is all sold, hand trimmed, packaged to retailers for $1.90 a gram. I just started seeing black ink after 2 years & have not yet recouped original costs. The big indoor ops with 150 + employees are not making sufficient money to justify their investments, they each hope the others will fail. I’m a lucky one selling at such ridiculous prices, but I sell all my flower & have a waiting list. Multiple hundreds of us have gone out of business, but not a single retail store has. Will the new big SoCal ops be able to live with prices that low?

    The state anticipates those flower prices dropping to about $1g trimmed/tested/packaged sold to retailers.

    Best of luck & remember, pioneers are slaughtered while later prospectors prosper……

    • Mike Garay on

      Hi Toni – I have something that can reduce your budget for the finished product – Automated Bud Trimming Machines, I have something here that will do the work of 40 trimmers. They dont complain, they work hard, and they like to work overtime. Text me ..

  7. William W. West on

    What a nice concept, but don’t forget if A.U.M.A. aka prop 64 passes it will all be in vain. They will take total control of every plant and seed and use it against you subjecting everyone into jeopardy. Apparently they haven’t read all the hidden agenda’s it contains. Yes it is a cash crop and those so called investors use words like “legalization” instead of crimination, which it is. It is set up so the very day if it passes will be subjected to change by the monopolists that set this quagmire up. Again it proves no one actually read it, which they banked on by hiding it actual intent under “legalization”. Take Paul Stanford that was fired from his company due to the legal maze of wording. Everything he had was taken from him through a court document, not being voted out but back-stabbed and thrown out like bathwater.
    Prop 64 is the only way “they” can launder the millions upon millions made because no banks are legally allowed to take their money under federal law.
    This is the only protection patients had legally. and the reason this country began it’s movement towards Medical Cannabis. The concept of making money was not and purposely intended to profit from our sick and dying fellow human beings. Yet it has become a civil war based of Profit vs. People. Eliminating personal home grows over Big Business Grows. It is a green rush, but the green they rush for is in the color of money.

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