A dearth of comprehensive price and sales data and incorrect figures about marijuana commerce have sowed confusion among cannabis businesses in Washington state since regulators rolled out a new traceability system more than a year ago.
Cannabis analytics companies that long relied on the data have watched their revenues shrink. Also, the lack of market transparency has put a damper on investments by marijuana entrepreneurs looking to make a play in the state.
Industry officials said the situation will improve in coming months as Washington state’s new traceability system, operated by Denver-based MJ Freeway, gets fully up to speed.
An MJ Freeway spokeswoman said once the system is fully implemented more data will be made available.
In the meantime, these issues have surfaced:
- Detailed sales transactions – such as price per gram of each flower sale and how much a retailer is paying for product – have been unavailable. Some blame the state’s implementation of its new marijuana traceability system, saying it is unable to perform key functions.
- The lack of data has made it harder for cannabis companies to make informed decisions, according to industry watchers. For example, growers previously used the data to help price their wholesale flower, and retailers used it to find deals on infused products.
- Analytics companies are losing sales because they’ve relied on the data to advise cannabis clients.
A core part of his service was informing clients which Washington retailer was paying the most for a given product and who was paying the least.
“That has just gone away,” he said. “I really feel a sense of loss.”
Another issue involves the fact that state-provided monthly sales reports have resulted in wildly incorrect figures, according to industry watchers.
For example, in June 2018, one Seattle-based processor, Prohibition Gold, was shown to have tallied $8.6 million in sales. By contrast, in the months before and after, the company averaged $70,000-$100,000 in sales.
“We would have loved to make eight and a half million dollars in June, but that certainly didn’t happen,” said Greg Walters, the company’s managing partner.
Florida-based BioTrackTHC was Washington’s seed-to-sale traceability program provider from the start of the state’s legal recreational cannabis program in 2014 until Oct. 31, 2017.
During that period, the state provided a monthly data dump of cannabis business transactions throughout the supply chain.
The information included:
- Weight and dollar amount of each sale from a grower to an oil producer.
- A detailed account of each retail transaction.
- Plant counts from suppliers.
- Quality assurance and potency results.
Traceability data uses
David Busby, CEO of Seattle-based data software company WeedTraQR, said he was paid a consultancy fee several times to evaluate the previous traceability data and determine the viability of a deal for a client.
“Another group that is disserviced by the lack of data here is all of the people who wanted to make investments into the industry,” Busby said. “And people who want to continue their investments.”
One potential investor showed interest in setting up a cannabis transport business but eventually balked. Among other things, the investor cited a lack of detailed 2018 business data, according to Busby.
But the data stopped coming as of Nov. 1, 2017. Since then, the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board (LCB) has provided only total sales figures, which the businesses themselves offer to the state.
MJ Freeway’s Leaf Data Systems has experienced glitches since it went live in February, and a third-party consultancy hired by the LCB found the rollout was rushed by the state and the system needed fixes.
The consultancy spread the blame for the issues. But it said much of the fault lay at the feet of the LCB.
There are other instances of glitches in the data similar to what Prohibition Gold experienced.
In one case, Grandview-based Sunnyside Northwest had been reporting little to no sales, then suddenly showed a month of more than $200 million, outpacing the average total monthly sales numbers for all Washington cannabis companies by well over $100 million.
“Monthly numbers with huge swings from normal sales numbers like that are anomalies,” LCB spokesman Brian Smith said. “That is the number that is reported to us … clearly an outlier and likely operator error,” meaning the state’s position is that the businesses incorrectly reported the figures.
He also said the new traceability system is not fully implemented and that Leaf Data Systems’ reporting capabilities are slated for future releases, which means more comprehensive data could be released in coming months.
“Currently, the system is working, with some workarounds, for licensing and enforcement, which is our top priority,” Smith said.
The system is slated to be fully implemented by late spring, Smith noted.
MJ Freeway spokeswoman Jeannette Ward Horton said this type of “reporting is part of an integration” to the Washington state system and is “always done last” as part of the software development.
“As with all systems, full capabilities will not be online until complete delivery,” she said. “The more robust system will, once fully implemented, include this information previously reported.”
Some results from the reported data
The inaccurate $8.6 million figure last June triggered an audit by Prohibition Gold’s bank, which noticed the number didn’t jibe with what the company was depositing.
“We went through a lot of stuff because of that,” Walters said.
One silver lining: The incorrect sales figure provided free advertising.
Businesses took interest in what appeared to be a company that could process considerable product.
“Within just a couple of days, our phones were ringing off the hook,” Walters said. “Everyone wanted to do business with us.”
Bart Schaneman can be reached at [email protected]