(This story has been updated to include new quotes from cannabis industry attorneys about the choice of Barr.)
President Trump said Friday he is nominating William Barr – who served in the first Bush administration – to replace former U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions, who was an outspoken critic of marijuana legalization.
Barr, who served as attorney general for two years under late President George H.W. Bush, was known in the early 1990s for a tough approach toward drug offenders.
But it’s unclear where Barr now stands on marijuana policy. He recently served in a number of senior-level corporate positions and is currently a lawyer in the Washington DC office of Kirkland & Ellis.
The Senate must confirm Barr, a process that could take weeks or perhaps months.
Sessions, who once said “good people don’t smoke marijuana,” alarmed the MJ industry by removing Obama-era protections for state-legal MJ businesses.
“As contrasted to Sessions, who had a rich history as a drug warrior and firmly held beliefs to fully enforce the federal law, (Barr) will be more moderate. He brings no agenda,” Pennsylvania cannabis attorney Steve Schain said.
“He may reflect the current administration’s unclear and often contradictory positions regarding the Controlled Substances Act enforcement and the long overdue removal of marijuana from Schedule 1 (of the Act).”
In a recent interview with Marijuana Business Daily, cannabis attorney Henry Wykowski echoed Schain’s assessment.
“I can’t imagine whoever his successor is would be any worse,” he said.
As it turned out, Sessions’ bark was bigger than his bite: The former attorney general didn’t take much action against the state-legal MJ industry.
But the very threat to do so had a detrimental effect on the industry, Wykowski said.
He said he knew banks that quit doing business with state-legal MJ enterprises after Sessions rescinded the Obama-era Cole memo, which had instructed U.S. attorneys to adopt a hands-off policy toward state-legal marijuana because of the government’s limited resources.
“The rescission (of the Cole memo) had a chilling effect,” Wykowski said.
Sessions had his hands tied, at least when it came to cracking down on state-legal medical cannabis businesses.
During his tenure, Congress continued to extend the Rohrabacher-Blumenauer Amendment (now the Joyce Amendment), which barred the Justice Department from spending resources to go after state-legal MMJ businesses.
Acting Attorney General Matthew Whitaker, a former U.S. attorney in Iowa, came into his position with a reputation as a hard-liner toward drug offenders.
But Whitaker hasn’t articulated a desire to take action against MJ businesses so far during his tenure as acting AG.
His stint instead has been embroiled in controversies concerning whether he was a legal appointment in the first place and whether he had a conflict of interest in overseeing Robert Mueller’s investigation of Russia’s attempts to interfere with the 2016 elections.
President Trump has said he would “probably support” the STATES (Strengthening the Tenth Amendment Through Entrusting States) Act, which give states the right to determine their own marijuana policies, without interference from the federal government.
Looking ahead, Denver cannabis attorney Rachel Gillette is taking a “wait and see” toward the choice of Barr.
“It doesn’t appear that he’s made any recent comments about marijuana,” she said. “We might learn something more during his Senate confirmation process.”
Gillette noted that Barr, if confirmed, “obviously will have some major issues that he’ll be dealing with that are unrelated to cannabis.
“Let’s hope that he’s somebody who has a willingness to learn and grow and change given what’s happened with the public sentiment to cannabis over the last 10 years.”
A recent Pew Research Center poll found that two-thirds of Americans now favor marijuana legalization.
Jeff Smith can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org