Chart: Ranks of US banks serving cannabis firms growing, but data may overstate true number

The number of financial institutions actively banking marijuana-related businesses in the United States is rising, but the true number is far fewer than U.S. Treasury data indicates, according to one industry executive.

Data released by the U.S. Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) shows the number of banks and credit unions actively banking marijuana-related businesses has increased steadily, reaching 633 institutions at the end of the first quarter versus a little more than 400 at the start of 2018.

But these numbers are misleading, according to Tyler Beuerlein, executive vice president for business development at Scottsdale, Arizona-based Hypur, a technology provider that enables depository institutions to bank highly regulated industries, including cannabis.

Beuerlein said the FinCEN numbers don’t reflect the true number of depository institutions openly banking cannabis businesses because they are based on Suspicious Activity Report (SAR) filings.

A SAR is filed when an account is suspected of being affiliated with a cannabis business and sometimes results in the account being closed.

As such, a SAR is not necessarily an indicator of an open, transparent relationship between a financial institution and a marijuana business.

Instead, Beuerlein – who also serves as vice chair of the National Cannabis Business Association’s Banking Access Committee – suggests the estimate be based on factors that demonstrate a depository institution actually wants to serve marijuana businesses, including:

  • The institution is actively banking 10 or more plant-touching operators.
  • The institution has dedicated marijuana-related business programs.
  • The institution is actively seeking to increase the number of marijuana businesses it serves.

Beuerlein pegs the number of banks and credit unions following this description at fewer than 40.

Despite this relatively low number, Beuerlein said banks and credit unions are entering the space and believes the majority of plant-touching marijuana businesses now have access to banking services.

Here’s what else you need to know about the situation:

  • The highest concentration of depository institutions actively banking marijuana-related businesses is in the Pacific Northwest, with the greatest growth now occurring in California, according to Beuerlein.
  • He said banks currently outnumber credit unions in terms of number of institutions but that credit unions tend to have a higher volume of marijuana clients than banks.
  • The 2019 Marijuana Business Factbook found 90% of ancillary businesses serving the marijuana industry have access to banking compared with 76% of plant-touching companies.
Maggie Cowee can be reached at [email protected]
8 comments on “Chart: Ranks of US banks serving cannabis firms growing, but data may overstate true number
  1. Jeff l on

    Why can’t we just get the feds to get with the times and legalize cannabis.
    The potential to help people in so many different ways is spectacular.
    It creates jobs, 100,000 ‘s of jobs.
    It has a lot of benefits from using it.
    And they could get a boatload of revenue from it……it’s a win, win….no brainer.

  2. Gina Chisum on

    Get on board US government! It’s time to get your piece of the pie. Make it legal! Pharmacies use banks. Drug companies use banks. Why can’t medical mj use banks? What’s the difference? People just don’t get it. This is the medicine God put here for us!!! explore its properties and benefits. I guarantee there is more to it than any man made processed drug.

  3. Edward Drew on

    As long as it remains illegal on the federal level, it will be a pain for cannabis firms to work with American banks. I’ve seen payment processing fees as high as 10%! At least the number of available banks is growing vs shrinking.

  4. Martha on

    We are thinking to start a small business in the USA but we need a lot of knowledge and information about the USA market entry. I have read about PSD global, they are it seems to provide unmatched consulting and expertise that will undoubtedly prepare us for the U.S. market.

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