New York cannabis retail opportunities take shape after opt-out deadline passes

Be at the forefront of cannabis and psychedelics science and innovation. Register by March 14 & Save $100 on tickets to The Emerald Conference by MJBiz Science, April 1-3 in San Diego.

Although roughly half of New York’s municipal governments opted out of permitting recreational cannabis stores before a Dec. 31 deadline, those opt-outs aren’t set in stone.

That means new adult-use retail opportunities could still open up in the nation’s fourth-largest state by population, even as aspiring recreational marijuana retailers start making plans for communities that have already opted in.

The Dec. 31 opt-out deadline for retail and cannabis consumption sites followed former New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s signing of an adult-use bill into law last March.

Still, the exact rules surrounding recreational marijuana retail in New York remain unknown.

The “lack of clarity on what the regulations will be for (recreational) dispensaries has been a big driving point in municipalities deciding to opt out,” said Heather Trela, director of operations and a fellow at the Rockefeller Institute of Government, a public policy think tank.

Trela oversees the institute’s online tracker for municipal cannabis opt-outs in New York and studies the state’s opt-out landscape.

Cannabis businesses approaching municipalities to get the ball rolling might wish to:

  • Connect with opt-in communities as a collaborative partner that will listen to local concerns.
  • Be prepared to offer a positive contribution to the community, such as charitable work.
  • Approach municipalities that have currently opted out with care, if at all.

A map showing percentage of municipalities by county that have agreed to allow recreational cannabis stores.Opt-outs can still opt back in

At least 48.8% of New York’s municipal governments opted out of permitting adult-use cannabis retail by the deadline, with at least 55.5% opting out of consumption sites, according to the Rockefeller Institute’s tracker as of Jan. 12.

Roughly 39.8% had definitively opted in.

The learning curve for entering the cannabis industry is steep. Start with the fundamentals.

MJBiz Cannabis 101 Email Course

A 10-part email course designed to educate new hires and aspiring professionals on the key fundamental areas of the legal cannabis industry, including:

  • History of legal cannabis in America
  • Overview of plant-touching + ancillary business sectors
  • Cannabis finance and investing
  • Cannabis marketing and brand building
  • Employment + hiring opportunities
  • And much more!

Gain a comprehensive understanding of this complex industry with this free resource.

The institute’s tracker is still being updated to include municipalities where the opt-in status is unknown.

The tracker excludes New York City, although all five of its boroughs have reportedly opted in.

While opt-out municipalities in New York can opt back into permitting retail or consumption sites at any time, once opted in, they can’t opt out again.

“I think being more conservative – small ‘c’ conservative – municipalities opted out, for a large part because they were just unsure of what they were opting into,” Trela said.

“With more information, they may change their minds.”

New York municipalities and recreational marijuana stores

A tally of New York municipalities and their decisions on allowing recreational marijuana stores as of Jan. 12, 2022. Data provided by the Rockefeller Institute of Government.
MunicipalityCountyAllow Dispensaries
Albany (City)AlbanyYes
Altamont (Village)AlbanyNo
Berne (Town)AlbanyYes
Bethlehem (Town)AlbanyNo
Coeymans (Town)AlbanyYes
Cohoes (City)AlbanyYes
Colonie (Town)AlbanyYes
Colonie (Village)AlbanyYes
Green Island (Town)AlbanyYes
Guilderland (Town)AlbanyNo
Knox (Town)AlbanyYes
Menands (Village)AlbanyYes
New Scotland (Town)AlbanyYes
Ravena (Village)AlbanyYes
Rensselaerville (Town)AlbanyNo
Voorheesville (Village)AlbanyNo
Watervliet (City)AlbanyNo
Westerlo (Town)AlbanyNo
Alfred (Town)AlleganyYes
Alfred (Village)AlleganyYes
Allen (Town)AlleganyYes
Alma (Town)AlleganyNo
Almond (Town)AlleganyYes
Almond (Village)AlleganyYes
Amity (Town)AlleganyNo
Andover (Town)AlleganyNo
Andover (Village)AlleganyYes
Angelica (Town)AlleganyNo
Angelica (Village)AlleganyNo
Belfast (Town)AlleganyNo
Belmont (Town)AlleganyNo
Bolivar (Town)AlleganyYes
Bolivar (Village)AlleganyNo
Burns (Town)AlleganyYes
Canaseraga (Village)AlleganyYes
Caneadea (Town)AlleganyNo
Centerville (Town)AlleganyYes
Clarksville (Town)AlleganyNo data
Cuba (Town)AlleganyYes
Cuba (Village)AlleganyYes
Friendship (Town)AlleganyNo
Genesee (Town)AlleganyYes
Granger (Town)AlleganyNo
Grove (Town)AlleganyYes
Hume (Town)AlleganyNo
Independence (Town)AlleganyNo
New Hudson (Town)AlleganyNo data
Richburg (Village)AlleganyYes
Rushford (Town)AlleganyNo
Scio (Town)AlleganyYes
Ward (Town)AlleganyYes
Wellsville (Town)AlleganyYes
Wellsville (Village)AlleganyNo
West Almond (Town)AlleganyNo data
Willing (Town)AlleganyNo
Writ (Town)AlleganyYes
Barker (Town)BroomeNo
Binghamton (City)BroomeYes
Binghamton (Town)BroomeYes
Chenango (Town)BroomeYes
Colesville (Town)BroomeYes
Conklin (Town)BroomeYes
Deposit (Village)BroomeYes
Dickinson (Town)BroomeYes
Endicott (Village)BroomeYes
Fenton (Town)BroomeNo
Johnson City (Village)BroomeYes
Kirkwood (Town)BroomeNo
Lisle (Town)BroomeYes
Lisle (Village)BroomeYes
Maine (Town)BroomeYes
Nanticoke (Town)BroomeNo
Port Dickinson (Village)BroomeNo data
Sanford (Town)BroomeYes
Triangle (Town)BroomeYes
Union (Town)BroomeYes
Vestal (Town)BroomeNo data
Whitney Point (Village)BroomeYes
Windsor (Town)BroomeNo
Windsor (Village)BroomeYes
Allegany (Town)CattaraugusYes
Allegany (Village)CattaraugusYes
Ashford (Town)CattaraugusNo
Carrollton (Town)CattaraugusNo
Cattaraugus (Village)CattaraugusYes
Coldspring (Town)CattaraugusNo
Conewango (Town)CattaraugusNo
Dayton (Town)CattaraugusNo
Delevan (Village)CattaraugusNo
East Otto (Town)CattaraugusNo
Ellicottville (Town)CattaraugusYes
Ellicottville (Village)CattaraugusYes
Farmersville (Town)CattaraugusNo
Franklinville (Town)CattaraugusNo
Franklinville (Village)CattaraugusYes
Freedom (Town)CattaraugusYes
Gowanda (Village)CattaraugusNo
Great Valley (Town)CattaraugusYes
Hinsdale (Town)CattaraugusYes
Humphrey (Town)CattaraugusYes
Ischua (Town)CattaraugusNo data
Leon (Town)CattaraugusNo data
Little Valley (Town)CattaraugusYes
Little Valley (Village)CattaraugusYes
Lyndon (Town)CattaraugusYes
Machias (Town)CattaraugusYes
Mansfield (Town)CattaraugusNo
Napoli (Town)CattaraugusYes
New Albion (Town)CattaraugusYes
Olean (City)CattaraugusYes
Olean (Town)CattaraugusYes
Otto (Town)CattaraugusYes
Perrysburg (Town)CattaraugusNo
Persia (Town)CattaraugusNo
Portville (Town)CattaraugusNo
Portville (Village)CattaraugusNo
Randolph (Town)CattaraugusYes
Red House (Town)CattaraugusNo data
Salamanca (City)CattaraugusYes
Salamanca (Town)CattaraugusYes
South Dayton (Village)CattaraugusNo
South Valley (Town)CattaraugusNo
Yorkshire (Town)CattaraugusYes
Auburn (City)CayugaYes
Aurelius (Town)CayugaYes
Aurora (Village)CayugaNo
Brutus (Town)CayugaNo
Cato (Town)CayugaNo
Cato (Village)CayugaNo
Cayuga (Village)CayugaYes
Conquest (Town)CayugaNo
Fair Haven (Village)CayugaNo
Fleming (Town)CayugaNo
Genoa (Town)CayugaNo
Ira (Town)CayugaNo
Ledyard (Town)CayugaNo
Locke (Town)CayugaNo
Mentz (Town)CayugaNo
Montezuma (Town)CayugaYes
Moravia (Town)CayugaYes
Moravia (Village)CayugaNo
Niles (Town)CayugaNo
Owasco (Town)CayugaYes
Port Byron (Village)CayugaNo
Scipio (Town)CayugaNo
Sempronius (Town)CayugaYes
Sennett (Town)CayugaNo
Springport (Town)CayugaNo
Sterling (Town)CayugaYes
Summerhill (Town)CayugaNo
Throop (Town)CayugaYes
Union Springs (Village)CayugaNo
Venice (Town)CayugaNo
Victory (Town)CayugaYes
Weedsport (Village)CayugaNo
Arkwright (Town)ChautauquaYes
Bemus Point (Village)ChautauquaNo
Brocton (Village)ChautauquaNo
Busti (Town)ChautauquaNo
Carroll (Town)ChautauquaNo
Cassadaga (Village)ChautauquaNo
Celoron (Village)ChautauquaNo
Charlotte (Town)ChautauquaNo
Chautauqua (Town)ChautauquaNo
Cherry Creek (Town)ChautauquaNo
Clymer (Town)ChautauquaNo
Dunkirk (City)ChautauquaYes
Dunkirk (Town)ChautauquaYes
Ellery (Town)ChautauquaNo
Ellicott (Town)ChautauquaNo
Ellington (Town)ChautauquaNo
Falconer (Village)ChautauquaNo
Fredonia (Village)ChautauquaYes
French Creek (Town)ChautauquaNo
Gerry (Town)ChautauquaNo
Hanover (Town)ChautauquaNo
Harmony (Town)ChautauquaNo
Jamestown (City)ChautauquaYes
Kiantone (Town)ChautauquaNo
Lakewood (Village)ChautauquaNo
Mayville (Village)ChautauquaNo
Mina (Town)ChautauquaYes
North Harmony (Town)ChautauquaNo
Panama (Village)ChautauquaNo
Poland (Town)ChautauquaNo
Pomfret (Town)ChautauquaYes
Portland (Town)ChautauquaNo
Ripley (Town)ChautauquaNo
Sheridan (Town)ChautauquaNo
Sherman (Town)ChautauquaNo
Sherman (Village)ChautauquaYes
Silver Creek (Village)ChautauquaNo
Sinclairville (Village)ChautauquaNo
Stockton (Town)ChautauquaNo
Villenova (Town)ChautauquaNo
Westfield (Town)ChautauquaYes
Westfield (Village)ChautauquaYes
Ashland (Town)ChemungNo
Baldwin (Town)ChemungNo
Big Flats (Town)ChemungNo
Catlin (Town)ChemungNo
Chemung (Town)ChemungNo
Elmira (City)ChemungYes
Elmira (Town)ChemungNo
Elmira Heights (Village)ChemungNo
Erin (Town)ChemungNo
Horseheads (Town)ChemungYes
Horseheads (Village)ChemungYes
Southport (Town)ChemungNo
Van Etten (Town)ChemungNo
Veteran (Town)ChemungNo
Wellsburg (Village)ChemungYes
Afton (Town)ChenangoNo
Afton (Village)ChenangoNo
Bainbridge (Town)ChenangoYes
Baindbridge (Village)ChenangoYes
Columbus (Town)ChenangoNo data
Coventry (Town)ChenangoNo data
Earville (Village)ChenangoYes
German (Town)ChenangoYes
Greene (Town)ChenangoNo
Greene (Village)ChenangoNo
Guilford (Town)ChenangoNo
Lincklaen (Town)ChenangoNo data
McDonough (Town)ChenangoNo data
New Berlin (Town)ChenangoNo
New Berlin (Village)ChenangoNo
North Norwich (Town)ChenangoYes
Norwich (City)ChenangoYes
Norwich (Town)ChenangoNo
Otselic (Town)ChenangoNo
Oxford (Town)ChenangoNo
Oxford (Village)ChenangoYes
Pharsalia (Town)ChenangoNo data
Pitcher (Town)ChenangoNo data
Plymouth (Town)ChenangoYes
Preston (Town)ChenangoYes
Sherburne (Town)ChenangoNo
Sherburne (Village)ChenangoNo
Smithville (Town)ChenangoNo
Smyrna (Town)ChenangoNo
Smyrna (Village)ChenangoNo data
Altona (Town)ClintonYes
AuSable (Town)ClintonYes
Beekmantown (Town)ClintonNo
Black Brook (Town)ClintonYes
Champlain (Town)ClintonYes
Champlain (Village)ClintonYes
Chazy (Town)ClintonNo
Dannemora (Town)ClintonYes
Dannemora (Village)ClintonYes
Ellenburg (Town)ClintonYes
Mooers (Town)ClintonNo data
Peru (Town)ClintonYes
Plattsburgh (City)ClintonYes
Plattsburgh (Town)ClintonYes
Rouses Point (Village)ClintonNo
Saranac (Town)ClintonNo data
Schuyler Falls (Town)ClintonNo data
Ancram (Town)ColumbiaYes
Austerlitz (Town)ColumbiaYes
Canaan (Town)ColumbiaNo
Chatham (Town)ColumbiaNo
Chatham (Village)ColumbiaNo
Claverack (Town)ColumbiaNo data
Clermont (Town)ColumbiaNo
Copake (Town)ColumbiaYes
Gallatin (Town)ColumbiaYes
Germantown (Town)ColumbiaYes
Ghent (Town)ColumbiaYes
Greenport (Town)ColumbiaYes
Hillsdale (Town)ColumbiaYes
Hudson (City)ColumbiaYes
Kinderhook (Town)ColumbiaYes
Kinderhook (Village)ColumbiaNo
Livingston (Town)ColumbiaNo
New Lebanon (Town)ColumbiaYes
Philmont (Village)ColumbiaNo data
Stockport (Town)ColumbiaNo data
Stuyvesant (Town)ColumbiaYes
Taghkanic (Town)ColumbiaYes
Valatie (Village)ColumbiaYes
Cincinnatus (Town)CortlandNo
Cortland (City)CortlandYes
Cortlandville (Town)CortlandNo
Cuyler (Town)CortlandNo
Freetown (Town)CortlandYes
Harford (Town)CortlandNo data
Homer (Town)CortlandYes
Homer (Village)CortlandYes
Lapeer (Town)CortlandNo
Marathon (Town)CortlandNo
Marathon (Village)CortlandNo
McGraw (Village)CortlandYes
Preble (Town)CortlandNo
Scott (Town)CortlandYes
Solon (Town)CortlandYes
Taylor (Town)CortlandNo data
Truxton (Town)CortlandNo data
Virgil (Town)CortlandNo
Willet (Town)CortlandNo
Andes (Town)DelawareNo
Bovina (Town)DelawareNo
Colchester (Town)DelawareYes
Davenport (Town)DelawareYes
Delhi (Town)DelawareYes
Delhi (Village)DelawareNo data
Deposit (Town)DelawareYes
Deposit (Village)DelawareYes
Fleischmanns (Village)DelawareYes
Franklin (Town)DelawareNo
Franklin (Village)DelawareNo
Hamden (Town)DelawareNo
Hancock (Village)DelawareYes
Harpersfield (Town)DelawareYes
Hobart (Village)DelawareNo
Kortright (Town)DelawareYes
Margaretville (Village)DelawareYes
Masonville (Town)DelawareNo
Meredith (Town)DelawareNo data
Middletown (Town)DelawareNo
Roxbury (Town)DelawareNo
Sidney (Town)DelawareYes
Sidney (Village)DelawareNo
Stamford (Town)DelawareNo
Stamford (Village)DelawareNo
Tompkins (Town)DelawareYes
Walton (Town)DelawareNo
Walton (Village)DelawareYes
Amenia (Town)DutchessNo
Beacon (City)DutchessYes
Beekman (Town)DutchessNo
Clinton (Town)DutchessYes
Dover (Town)DutchessNo
East Fishkill (Town)DutchessNo
Fishkill (Town)DutchessYes
Fishkill (Village)DutchessYes
Hyde Park (Town)DutchessNo
La Grange (Town)DutchessNo
Milan (Town)DutchessNo
Millbrook (Village)DutchessNo
Millerton (Village)DutchessYes
North East (Town)DutchessNo
Pawling (Town)DutchessNo
Pawling (Village)DutchessNo
Pine Plains (Town)DutchessYes
Pleasant Valley (Town)DutchessNo
Poughkeepsie (City)DutchessYes
Poughkeepsie (Town)DutchessYes
Red Hook (Town)DutchessYes
Red Hook (Village)DutchessYes
Rhinebeck (Town)DutchessNo
Rhinebeck (Village)DutchessNo
Stanford (Town)DutchessNo
Tivoli (Village)DutchessNo
Union Vale (Town)DutchessNo
Wappinger (Town)DutchessNo
Wappingers Falls (Village)DutchessYes
Washington (Town)DutchessNo
Akron (Village)ErieNo
Alden (Town)ErieNo
Alden (Village)ErieNo
Amherst (Town)ErieYes
Angola (Village)ErieYes
Aurora (Town)ErieNo
Blasdell (Village)ErieYes
Boston (Town)ErieYes
Brant (Town)ErieNo
Buffalo (City)ErieYes
Cheektowaga (Town)ErieYes
Clarence (Town)ErieNo
Colden (Town)ErieNo
Collins (Town)ErieNo
Concord (Town)ErieYes
Depew (Village)ErieYes
East Aurora (Village)ErieYes
Eden (Town)ErieYes
Elma (Town)ErieNo
Evans (Town)ErieYes
Farnham (Village)ErieYes
Gowanda (Village)ErieNo
Grand Island (Town)ErieYes
Hamburg (Town)ErieYes
Hamburg (Village)ErieNo
Holland (Town)ErieNo
Kenmore (Village)ErieYes
Lackawanna (City)ErieYes
Lancaster (Town)ErieNo
Lancaster (Village)ErieYes
Marilla (Town)ErieNo
Newstead (Town)ErieNo
North Collins (Town)ErieNo
North Collins (Village)ErieYes
Orchard Park (Town)ErieYes
Orchard Park (Village)ErieNo
Sardinia (Town)ErieNo
Sloan (Village)ErieYes
Springville (Village)ErieYes
Tonawanda (City)ErieYes
Tonawanda (Town)ErieYes
Wales (Town)ErieNo
West Seneca (Town)ErieYes
Williamsville (Village)ErieNo
Chesterfield (Town)EssexNo
Crown Point (Town)EssexYes
Elizabethtown (Town)EssexNo
Essex (Town)EssexNo
Jay (Town)EssexNo data
Keene (Town)EssexNo
Lake Placid (Village)EssexNo
Lewis (Town)EssexNo
Minerva (Town)EssexYes
Moriah (Town)EssexNo data
Newcomb (Town)EssexNo
North Elba (Town)EssexNo
North Hudson (Town)EssexYes
Saranac Lake (Village)EssexYes
Schroon (Town)EssexNo
St. Armand (Town)EssexNo
Ticonderoga (Town)EssexNo
Westport (Town)EssexYes
Willsboro (Town)EssexYes
Wilmington (Town)EssexNo
Bangor (Town)FranklinYes
Bellmont (Town)FranklinYes
Bombay (Town)FranklinYes
Brandon (Town)FranklinNo data
Brighton (Town)FranklinYes
Brushton (Village)FranklinYes
Burke (Town)FranklinYes
Burke (Village)FranklinYes
Chateaugay (Town)FranklinYes
Chateaugay (Village)FranklinYes
Constable (Town)FranklinNo
Dickinson (Town)FranklinYes
Duane (Town)FranklinNo
Fort Covington (Town)FranklinNo
Franklin (Town)FranklinNo
Harrietstown (Town)FranklinNo
Malone (Town)FranklinNo data
Malone (Village)FranklinNo
Moira (Town)FranklinNo data
Santa Clara (Town)FranklinNo
Saranac Lake (Village)FranklinYes
Tupper Lake (Town) FranklinYes
Tupper Lake (Village)FranklinYes
Waverly (Town)FranklinYes
Westville (Town)FranklinYes
Bleecker (Town)FultonNo
Broadalbin (Town)FultonYes
Caroga (Town)FultonYes
Dolgeville (Village)FultonNo
Ephratah (Town)FultonNo data
Gloversville (City)FultonYes
Johnstown (City)FultonNo data
Johnstown (Town)FultonYes
Mayfield (Town)FultonYes
Mayfield (Village)FultonYes
Northampton (Town)FultonNo
Northville (Village)FultonYes
Oppenheim (Town)FultonYes
Perth (Town)FultonNo data
Stratford (Town)FultonNo data
Alabama (Town)GeneseeNo
Alexander (Town)GeneseeNo
Alexander (Village)GeneseeNo
Batavia (City)GeneseeYes
Batavia (Town)GeneseeNo
Bergen (Town)GeneseeNo
Bergen (Village)GeneseeNo
Bethany (Town)GeneseeNo
Byron (Town)GeneseeNo
Corfu (Village)GeneseeYes
Darien (Town)GeneseeYes
Elba (Town)GeneseeNo
Elba (Village)GeneseeNo
Le Roy (Town)GeneseeNo
Le Roy (Village)GeneseeNo
Oakfield (Town)GeneseeNo
Oakfield (Village)GeneseeNo
Pavilion (Town)GeneseeYes
Pembroke (Town)GeneseeYes
Stafford (Town)GeneseeNo
Ashland (Town)GreeneNo
Athens (Town)GreeneYes
Athens (Village)GreeneYes
Cairo (Town)GreeneNo
Catskill (Town)GreeneYes
Catskill (Village)GreeneYes
Coxsackie (Town)GreeneYes
Coxsackie (Village)GreeneYes
Durham (Town)GreeneNo
Greenville (Town)GreeneNo
Halcott (Town)GreeneNo
Hunter (Town)GreeneNo
Hunter (Village)GreeneNo
Jewett (Town)GreeneNo
Lexington (Town)GreeneYes
New Baltimore (Town)GreeneNo
Prattsville (Town)GreeneNo
Tannersville (Village)GreeneYes
Windham (Town)GreeneNo
Arietta (Town)HamiltonNo
Benson (Town)HamiltonNo
Hope (Town)HamiltonNo data
Indian Lake (Town)HamiltonYes
Inlet (Town)HamiltonNo
Lake Pleasant (Town)HamiltonNo
Long Lake (Town)HamiltonYes
Morehouse (Town)HamiltonNo
Speculator (Village)HamiltonNo
Wells (Town)HamiltonNo
Coldbrook (Village)HerkimerNo
Columbia (Town)HerkimerNo data
Danube (Town)HerkimerNo data
Fairfield (Town)HerkimerNo data
Frankfort (Town)HerkimerYes
Frankfort (Village)HerkimerYes
German Flatts (Town)HerkimerNo
Herkimer (Town)HerkimerYes
Herkimer (Village)HerkimerYes
Ilion (Village)HerkimerNo
Litchfield (Town)HerkimerNo
Little Falls (City)HerkimerNo data
Little Falls (Town)HerkimerNo data
Manheim (Town)HerkimerYes
Middleville (Village)HerkimerNo
Mohawk (Village)HerkimerNo
Newport (Town)HerkimerNo data
Norway (Town)HerkimerNo data
Ohio (Town)HerkimerNo data
Poland (Village)HerkimerNo data
Russia (Town)HerkimerNo
Salisbury (Town)HerkimerYes
Schuyler (Town)HerkimerNo
Stark (Town)HerkimerNo data
Warren (Town)HerkimerYes
Webb (Town)HerkimerYes
West Winfield (Village)HerkimerYes
Winfield (Town)HerkimerYes
Adams (Town)JeffersonNo
Adams (Village)JeffersonNo
Alexandria (Town)JeffersonNo
Alexandria Bay (Village)JeffersonNo
Antwerp (Town)JeffersonNo
Antwerp (Village)JeffersonYes
Black River (Village)JeffersonNo
Brownville (Town)JeffersonNo
Brownville (Village)JeffersonNo
Cape Vincent (Town)JeffersonNo
Cape Vincent (Village)JeffersonNo
Carthage (Village)JeffersonYes
Champion (Town)JeffersonNo
Chaumont (Village)JeffersonNo
Clayton (Town)JeffersonNo
Clayton (Village)JeffersonNo
Deferiet (Village)JeffersonNo
Dexter (Village)JeffersonNo
Ellisburg (Town)JeffersonNo
Ellisburg (Village)JeffersonYes
Evans Mills (Village)JeffersonYes
Glen Park (Village)JeffersonYes
Henderson (Town)JeffersonNo
Hounsfield (Town)JeffersonNo
Le Ray (Town)JeffersonNo
Lorraine (Town)JeffersonNo data
Lyme (Town)JeffersonNo
Mannsville (Village)JeffersonYes
Orleans (Town)JeffersonYes
Pamelia (Town)JeffersonYes
Philadelphia (Town)JeffersonNo data
Philadelphia (Village)JeffersonNo
Rodman (Town)JeffersonNo
Rutland (Town)JeffersonYes
Sackets Harbor (Village)JeffersonYes
Theresa (Town)JeffersonNo
Theresa (Village)JeffersonYes
Watertown (City)JeffersonNo
Watertown (Town)JeffersonNo
West Carthage (Village)JeffersonYes
Wilna (Town)JeffersonNo
Worth (Town)JeffersonNo
Castorland (Village)LewisNo
Constableville (Village)LewisNo
Copenhagen (Village)LewisNo
Croghan (Town)LewisNo
Croghan (Village)LewisNo
Denmark (Town)LewisNo
Diana (Town)LewisNo
Greig (Town)LewisNo
Harrisburg (Town)LewisNo
Lewis (Town)LewisNo
Leyden (Town)LewisYes
Lowville (Town)LewisNo
Lowville (Village)LewisNo
Lyons Falls (Village)LewisYes
Lyonsdale (Town)LewisNo data
Martinsburg (Town)LewisNo
Montague (Town)LewisNo
New Bremen (Town)LewisNo
Osceola (Town)LewisNo
Pinckney (Town)LewisNo
Port Leyden (Village) LewisNo
Turin (Town)LewisNo
Turin (Village)LewisNo
Watson (Town)LewisNo
West Turin (Town)LewisNo
Avon (Town)LivingstonYes
Avon (Village)LivingstonYes
Caledonia (Town)LivingstonYes
Caledonia (Village)LivingstonYes
Conesus (Town)LivingstonNo
Dansville (Village)LivingstonNo
Geneseo (Town)LivingstonNo
Geneseo (Village)LivingstonNo
Groveland (Town)LivingstonYes
Leicester (Town)LivingstonNo data
Lima (Town)LivingstonNo data
Lima (Village)LivingstonYes
Livonia (Town)LivingstonYes
Livonia (Village)LivingstonNo data
Mount Morris (Town)LivingstonYes
Mount Morris (Village)LivingstonNo data
North Dansville (Town)LivingstonNo
Nunda (Town)LivingstonNo data
Nunda (Village)LivingstonNo
Ossian (Town)LivingstonNo
Portage (Town)LivingstonNo data
Sparta (Town)LivingstonNo data
Springwater (Town)LivingstonNo data
West Sparta (Town)LivingstonYes
York (Town)LivingstonYes
Brookfield (Town)MadisonNo
Canastota (Village)MadisonNo
Cazenovia (Town)MadisonNo
Cazenovia (Village)MadisonNo
Chittenango (Village)MadisonNo
DeRuyter (Town)MadisonNo
DeRuyter (Village)MadisonNo
Eaton (Town)MadisonYes
Fenner (Town)MadisonNo
Georgetown (Town)MadisonNo
Hamilton (Town)MadisonYes
Hamilton (Village)MadisonYes
Lebanon (Town)MadisonYes
Lenox (Town)MadisonNo
Lincoln (Town)MadisonYes
Madison (Town)MadisonYes
Madison (Village)MadisonNo data
Morrisville (Village)MadisonYes
Munnsville (Village)MadisonNo
Nelson (Town)MadisonNo
Oneida (City)MadisonNo
Smithfield (Town)MadisonNo
Stockbridge (Town)MadisonNo data
Sullivan (Town)MadisonNo
Wampsville (Village)MadisonNo
Brighton (Town)MonroeYes
Brockport (Village)MonroeYes
Chili (Town)MonroeNo
Churchville (Village)MonroeNo
Clarkson (Town)MonroeNo
East Rochester (Town)MonroeNo data
East Rochester (Village)MonroeNo data
Fairport (Village)MonroeYes
Gates (Town)MonroeNo
Greece (Town)MonroeNo
Hamlin (Town)MonroeNo
Henrietta (Town)MonroeYes
Hilton (Village)MonroeNo
Honeoye Falls (Village)MonroeYes
Irondequoit (Town)MonroeYes
Mendon (Town)MonroeNo
Ogden (Town)MonroeNo
Parma (Town)MonroeNo
Penfield (Town)MonroeYes
Perinton (Town)MonroeNo
Pittsford (Town)MonroeNo
Pittsford (Village)MonroeNo
Riga (Town)MonroeNo
Rochester (City)MonroeYes
Rush (Town)MonroeYes
Scottsville (Village)MonroeNo
Spencerport (Village)MonroeYes
Sweden (Town)MonroeNo
Webster (Town)MonroeNo
Webster (Village)MonroeNo
Wheatland (Town)MonroeYes
Ames (Village)MontgomeryNo data
Amsterdam (City)MontgomeryNo data
Amsterdam (Town)MontgomeryYes
Canajoharie (Town)MontgomeryYes
Canajoharie (Village)MontgomeryNo data
Charleston (Town)MontgomeryNo data
Florida (Town)MontgomeryNo data
Fonda (Village)MontgomeryNo
Fort Johnson (Village)MontgomeryNo
Fort Plain (Village)MontgomeryNo
Fultonville (Village)MontgomeryNo data
Glen (Town)MontgomeryNo
Hagaman (Village)MontgomeryNo data
Minden (Town)MontgomeryNo data
Mohawk (Town)MontgomeryNo data
Nelliston (Village)MontgomeryYes
Palatine (Town)MontgomeryNo data
Palatine Bridge (Village)MontgomeryYes
Root (Town)MontgomeryNo data
St. Johnsville (Town)MontgomeryNo data
St. Johnsville (Village)MontgomeryYes
Atlantic Beach (Village)NassauNo
Baxter Estates (Village)NassauNo
Bayville (Village)NassauNo
Bellerose (Village)NassauNo
Brookville (Village)NassauNo
Cedarhurst (Village)NassauNo
Centre Island (Village)NassauNo
Cove Neck (Village)NassauNo
East Hills (Village)NassauNo
East Rockaway (Village)NassauNo
East Williston (Village)NassauNo
Farmingdale (Village)NassauNo
Floral Park (Village)NassauNo
Flower Hill (Village)NassauNo
Freeport (Village)NassauNo
Garden City (Village)NassauNo
Glen Cove (City)NassauNo
Great Neck (Village)NassauNo
Great Neck Estates (Village)NassauNo
Great Neck Plaza (Village)NassauNo
Hempstead (Town)NassauNo
Hempstead (Village)NassauNo
Hewlett Bay Park (Village)NassauNo
Hewlett Harbor (Village)NassauNo data
Hewlett Neck (Village)NassauNo
Island Park (Village)NassauNo
Kensington (Village)NassauNo
Kings Point (Village)NassauYes
Lake Success (Village)NassauNo
Lattingtown (Village)NassauNo
Laurel Hollow (Village)NassauNo
Lawrence (Village)NassauNo
Long Beach (City)NassauNo
Lynbrook (Village)NassauNo
Malverne (Village)NassauNo
Manorhaven (Village)NassauNo
Massapequa Park (Village)NassauNo
Matinecock (Village)NassauNo
Mill Neck (Village)NassauNo data
Mineola (Village) NassauNo
Munsey Park (Village)NassauNo
Muttontown (Village)NassauNo
New Hyde Park (Village)NassauNo
North Hempstead (Town)NassauNo
North Hills (Village)NassauNo
Old Brookville (Village)NassauNo
Old Westbury (Village)NassauNo
Oyster Bay (Town)NassauNo
Oyster Bay Cove (Village)NassauYes
Plandome (Village)NassauNo data
Plandome Heights (Village)NassauNo
Plandome Manor (Village)NassauNo
Port Washington North (Village)NassauNo
Rockville Centre (Village)NassauNo
Roslyn (Village)NassauNo
Roslyn Estates (Village)NassauNo
Roslyn Harbor (Village)NassauNo
Russell Gardens (Village)NassauNo
Saddle Rock (Village)NassauYes
Sands Point (Village)NassauNo
Sea Cliff (Village)NassauNo
South Floral Park (Village)NassauNo
Stewart Manor (Village)NassauNo
Thomaston (Village)NassauNo
Upper Brookville (Village)NassauNo
Valley Stream (Village)NassauNo
Westbury (Village)NassauNo
Williston Park (Village)NassauNo
Woodsburgh (Village)NassauNo
Barker (Village)NiagaraYes
Cambria (Town)NiagaraNo
Hartland (Town)NiagaraNo
Lewiston (Town)NiagaraYes
Lewiston (Village)NiagaraYes
Lockport (City)NiagaraYes
Lockport (Town)NiagaraYes
Middleport (Village)NiagaraNo
Newfane (Town)NiagaraYes
Niagara (Town)NiagaraNo
Niagara Falls (City)NiagaraYes
North Tonawanda (City)NiagaraYes
Pendleton (Town)NiagaraNo
Porter (Town)NiagaraYes
Royalton (Town)NiagaraNo
Somerset (Town)NiagaraNo
Wheatfield (Town)NiagaraYes
Wilson (Town)NiagaraNo
Wilson (Village)NiagaraYes
Youngstown (Village)NiagaraNo
Annsville (Town)OneidaYes
Augusta (Town)OneidaYes
Ava (Town)OneidaNo data
Boonville (Town)OneidaNo
Boonville (Village)OneidaYes
Bridgewater (Town)OneidaNo
Camden (Town)OneidaYes
Camden (Village)OneidaNo
Clayville (Village)OneidaNo
Clinton (Village)OneidaNo
Deerfield (Town)OneidaYes
Florence (Town)OneidaNo
Floyd (Town)OneidaYes
Forestport (Town)OneidaYes
Holland Patent (Village)OneidaYes
Kirkland (Town)OneidaYes
Lee (Town)OneidaNo
Marcy (Town)OneidaYes
Marshall (Town)OneidaYes
New Hartford (Town)OneidaNo data
New Hartford (Village)OneidaNo data
New York Mills (Village) OneidaNo data
Oneida Castle (Village)OneidaNo
Oriskany (Village)OneidaYes
Oriskany Falls (Village) OneidaYes
Paris (Town)OneidaYes
Remsen (Town)OneidaNo data
Remsen (Village)OneidaYes
Rome (City)OneidaNo data
Sangerfield (Town)OneidaYes
Sherrill (City)OneidaNo
Steuben (Town)OneidaNo data
Sylvan Beach (Village)OneidaYes
Trenton (Town)OneidaYes
Utica (City)OneidaYes
Vernon (Town)OneidaNo
Vernon (Village)OneidaNo data
Verona (Town)OneidaYes
Vienna (Town)OneidaYes
Waterville (Village)OneidaNo
Western (Town)OneidaYes
Westmoreland (Town)OneidaNo
Whitesboro (Village)OneidaYes
Whitestown (Town)OneidaYes
Yorkville (Village)OneidaYes
Baldwinsville (Village) OnondagaNo
Camillus (Town)OnondagaNo
Camillus (Village)OnondagaNo
Cicero (Town)OnondagaNo
Clay (Town)OnondagaNo data
DeWitt (Town)OnondagaYes
East Syracuse (Village)OnondagaYes
Elbridge (Town)OnondagaNo
Elbridge (Village)OnondagaNo
Fabius (Town)OnondagaNo
Fabius (Village)OnondagaNo data
Fayetteville (Village)OnondagaNo
Geddes (Town)OnondagaYes
Jordan (Village)OnondagaNo
LaFayette (Town)OnondagaNo
Liverpool (Village)OnondagaNo
Lysander (Town)OnondagaYes
Manlius (Town)OnondagaYes
Manlius (Village)OnondagaNo
Marcellus (Town)OnondagaYes
Marcellus (Village)OnondagaNo
Minoa (Village)OnondagaNo
North Syracuse (Village) OnondagaYes
Onondaga (Town)OnondagaYes
Otisco (Town)OnondagaNo
Pompey (Town)OnondagaNo
Salina (Town)OnondagaYes
Skaneateles (Town)OnondagaYes
Skaneateles (Village)OnondagaNo
Solvay (Village)OnondagaNo
Spafford (Town)OnondagaYes
Syracuse (City)OnondagaYes
Tully (Town)OnondagaYes
Tully (Village)OnondagaNo
Van Buren (Town)OnondagaYes
Bloomfield (Village)OntarioYes
Bristol (Town)OntarioNo
Canadice (Town)OntarioYes
Canandaigua (City)OntarioYes
Canandaigua (Town)OntarioNo
Clifton Springs (Village)OntarioYes
East Bloomfield (Town)OntarioNo
Farmington (Town)OntarioNo
Geneva (City)OntarioYes
Geneva (Town)OntarioYes
Gorham (Town)OntarioNo
Hopewell (Town)OntarioNo
Manchester (Town)OntarioNo
Manchester (Village)OntarioYes
Naples (Town)OntarioNo
Naples (Village)OntarioYes
Phelps (Town)OntarioNo data
Phelps (Village)OntarioYes
Richmond (Town)OntarioNo
Rushville (Village)OntarioYes
Seneca (Town)OntarioNo
Shortsville (Village)OntarioNo
South Bristol (Town)OntarioNo
Victor (Town)OntarioYes
Victor (Village)OntarioYes
West Bloomfield (Town)OntarioNo
Blooming Grove (Town)OrangeNo
Chester (Town)OrangeNo
Chester (Village)OrangeNo
Cornwall (Town)OrangeNo
Cornwall-on-Hudson (Village)OrangeNo
Crawford (Town)OrangeNo
Deerpark (Town)OrangeNo
Florida (Village) OrangeNo
Goshen (Town)OrangeNo
Goshen (Village)OrangeNo
Greenville (Town)OrangeNo
Greenwood Lake (Village)OrangeNo
Hamptonburgh (Town)OrangeNo
Harriman (Village) OrangeNo
Highland Falls (Village)OrangeNo
Highlands (Town)OrangeNo
Kiryas Joel (Village)OrangeNo data
Maybrook (Village)OrangeNo
Middletown (City)OrangeNo
Minisink (Town)OrangeNo
Monroe (Town)OrangeNo
Monroe (Village)OrangeNo
Montgomery (Town)OrangeNo
Montgomery (Village)OrangeNo data
Mount Hope (Town)OrangeNo
New Windsor (Town)OrangeNo
Newburgh (City)OrangeYes
Newburgh (Town)OrangeYes
Otisville (Village)OrangeNo
Palm Tree (Town)OrangeNo data
Port Jervis (City)OrangeYes
South Blooming Grove (Village)OrangeNo data
Tuxedo (Town)OrangeYes
Tuxedo Park (Village)OrangeNo
Unionville (Village)OrangeNo
Walden (Village)OrangeNo
Wallkill (Town)OrangeNo
Warwick (Town)OrangeYes
Warwick (Village)OrangeNo
Washingtonville (Village)OrangeNo
Wawayanda (Town)OrangeYes
Woodbury (Town)OrangeNo data
Woodbury (Village)OrangeYes
Albion (Town)OrleansNo
Albion (Village) OrleansYes
Barre (Town)OrleansNo
Carlton (Town)OrleansNo
Clarendon (Town)OrleansNo
Gaines (Town)OrleansNo
Holley (Village)OrleansNo
Kendall (Town)OrleansNo data
Lyndonville (Village)OrleansNo
Medina (Village) OrleansYes
Murray (Town)OrleansNo
Ridgeway (Town)OrleansNo
Shelby (Town)OrleansNo
Yates (Town)OrleansNo
Albion (Town)OswegoNo
Amboy (Town)OswegoNo
Boylston (Town)OswegoNo data
Central Square (Village)OswegoNo
Cleveland (Village)OswegoNo
Constantia (Town)OswegoNo
Fulton (City)OswegoYes
Granby (Town)OswegoYes
Hannibal (Town)OswegoYes
Hannibal (Village)OswegoYes
Hastings (Town)OswegoYes
Lacona (Village)OswegoNo
Mexico (Town)OswegoNo
Mexico (Village)OswegoNo
Minetto (Town)OswegoYes
New Haven (Town)OswegoNo
Orwell (Town)OswegoNo
Oswego (City)OswegoYes
Oswego (Town)OswegoNo
Palermo (Town)OswegoNo
Parish (Town)OswegoYes
Parish (Village)OswegoYes
Phoenix (Village)OswegoYes
Pulaski (Village)OswegoYes
Redfield (Town)OswegoNo
Richland (Town)OswegoNo
Sandy Creek (Town)OswegoYes
Sandy Creek (Village)OswegoNo
Schroeppel (Town)OswegoYes
Scriba (Town)OswegoYes
Volney (Town)OswegoNo
West Monroe (Town)OswegoYes
Williamstown (Town)OswegoNo
Burlington (Town)OtsegoNo data
Butternuts (Town)OtsegoYes
Cherry Valley (Town)OtsegoYes
Cherry Valley (Village)OtsegoYes
Cooperstown (Village) OtsegoYes
Decatur (Town)OtsegoYes
Edmeston (Town)OtsegoNo
Exeter (Town)OtsegoYes
Gilbertsville (Village)OtsegoNo data
Hartwick (Town)OtsegoYes
Laurens (Town)OtsegoYes
Laurens (Village)OtsegoYes
Maryland (Town)OtsegoYes
Middlefield (Town)OtsegoYes
Milford (Town)OtsegoYes
Milford (Village)OtsegoNo data
Morris (Town)OtsegoYes
Morris (Village)OtsegoNo data
New Lisbon (Town)OtsegoYes
Oneonta (City)OtsegoYes
Oneonta (Town)OtsegoYes
Otego (Town)OtsegoYes
Otego (Village)OtsegoYes
Otsego (Town)OtsegoNo
Pittsfield (Town)OtsegoYes
Plainfield (Town)OtsegoYes
Richfield (Town)OtsegoNo
Richfield Springs (Village)OtsegoYes
Roseboom (Town)OtsegoYes
Springfield (Town)OtsegoYes
Unadilla (Town)OtsegoYes
Unadilla (Village)OtsegoYes
Westford (Town)OtsegoNo
Worcester (Town)OtsegoNo
Brewster (Village)PutnamNo
Carmel (Town)PutnamNo
Cold Spring (Village)PutnamYes
Kent (Town)PutnamNo
Nelsonville (Village)PutnamNo
Patterson (Town)PutnamNo
Philipstown (Town)PutnamNo
Putnam Valley (Town)PutnamNo
Southeast (Town)PutnamNo
Berlin (Town)RensselaerNo
Brunswick (Town)RensselaerNo data
Castleton-on-Hudson (Village)RensselaerYes
East Greenbush (Town)RensselaerYes
East Nassau (Village)RensselaerYes
Grafton (Town)RensselaerYes
Hoosick (Town)RensselaerNo
Hoosick Falls (Village)RensselaerYes
Nassau (Town)RensselaerYes
Nassau (Village)RensselaerYes
North Greenbush (Town)RensselaerYes
Petersburgh (Town)RensselaerYes
Pittstown (Town)RensselaerYes
Poestenkill (Town)RensselaerYes
Rensselaer (City)RensselaerNo data
Sand Lake (Town)RensselaerNo
Schaghticoke (Town)RensselaerNo data
Schaghticoke (Village)RensselaerNo data
Schodack (Town)RensselaerYes
Stephentown (Town)RensselaerYes
Troy (City)RensselaerYes
Valley Falls (Village)RensselaerNo
Airmont (Village)RocklandYes
Chestnut Ridge (Village)RocklandYes
Clarkstown (Town)RocklandNo
Grand View-on-Hudson (Village)RocklandNo
Haverstraw (Town)RocklandNo data
Haverstraw (Village)RocklandYes
Hillburn (Village)RocklandNo data
Kaser (Village)RocklandNo data
Montebello (Village)RocklandNo data
New Hempstead (Village)RocklandNo
New Square (Village)RocklandNo
Nyack (Village) RocklandNo data
Orangetown (Town)RocklandNo
Piermont (Village)RocklandYes
Pomona (Village) RocklandNo
Ramapo (Town)RocklandNo
Sloatsburg (Village)RocklandNo
South Nyack (Village)RocklandNo data
Spring Valley (Village)RocklandNo data
Stony Point (Town)RocklandNo
Suffern (Village)RocklandNo
Upper Nyack (Village)RocklandNo data
Wesley Hills (Village)RocklandYes
West Haverstraw (Village)RocklandNo
Ballston (Town)SaratogaYes
Ballston Spa (Village) SaratogaYes
Charlton (Town)SaratogaNo
Clifton Park (Town)SaratogaNo
Corinth (Town)SaratogaYes
Corinth (Village)SaratogaYes
Day (Town)SaratogaNo
Edinburg (Town)SaratogaNo data
Galway (Town)SaratogaNo
Galway (Village)SaratogaNo
Greenfield (Town)SaratogaNo data
Hadley (Town)SaratogaYes
Halfmoon (Town)SaratogaNo data
Malta (Town)SaratogaNo
Mechanicville (City)SaratogaNo data
Milton (Town)SaratogaNo data
Moreau (Town)SaratogaNo
Northumberland (Town)SaratogaNo
Providence (Town)SaratogaNo
Round Lake (Village)SaratogaYes
Saratoga (Town)SaratogaNo data
Saratoga Springs (City)SaratogaYes
Schuylerville (Village)SaratogaYes
South Glens Falls (Village)SaratogaNo data
Stillwater (Town)SaratogaNo data
Stillwater (Village)SaratogaYes
Victory (Village)SaratogaNo
Waterford (Town)SaratogaYes
Waterford (Village)SaratogaNo
Wilton (Town)SaratogaNo
Delanson (Village)SchenectadyNo data
Duanesburg (Town)SchenectadyYes
Glenville (Town)SchenectadyNo
Niskayuna (Town)SchenectadyNo
Princetown (Town)SchenectadyNo data
Rotterdam (Town)SchenectadyYes
Schenectady (City)SchenectadyYes
Scotia (Village)SchenectadyYes
Blenheim (Town)SchoharieYes
Broome (Town)SchoharieNo data
Carlisle (Town)SchoharieNo data
Cobleskill (Town)SchoharieYes
Cobleskill (Village)SchoharieYes
Conesville (Town)SchoharieYes
Esperance (Town)SchoharieYes
Esperance (Village)SchoharieYes
Fulton (Town)SchoharieNo
Gilboa (Town)SchoharieYes
Jefferson (Town)SchoharieNo
Middleburgh (Town)SchoharieYes
Middleburgh (Village)SchoharieYes
Richmondville (Town)SchoharieNo
Richmondville (Village)SchoharieYes
Schoharie (Town)SchoharieYes
Schoharie (Village)SchoharieYes
Seward (Town)SchoharieYes
Sharon (Town)SchoharieNo
Sharon Springs (Village)SchoharieNo
Summit (Town)SchoharieNo data
Wright (Town)SchoharieYes
Burdett (Village)SchuylerNo
Catharine (Town)SchuylerYes
Cayuta (Town)SchuylerNo data
Dix (Town)SchuylerYes
Hector (Town)SchuylerNo data
Montour (Town)SchuylerYes
Montour Falls (Village)SchuylerNo
Odessa (Village) SchuylerNo
Orange (Town)SchuylerNo data
Reading (Town)SchuylerNo data
Tyrone (Town)SchuylerNo
Watkins Glen (Village)SchuylerYes
Covert (Town)Seneca No
Fayette (Town)Seneca No
Interlaken (Village)Seneca No data
Junius (Town)Seneca Yes
Lodi (Town)Seneca Yes
Lodi (Village)Seneca Yes
Ovid (Town)Seneca No
Ovid (Village)Seneca No
Romulus (Town)Seneca Yes
Seneca Falls (Town)Seneca Yes
Tyre (Town)Seneca No data
Varick (Town)Seneca No
Waterloo (Town)Seneca No data
Waterloo (Village)Seneca No
Brasher (Town)St. LawrenceNo
Canton (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Canton (Village)St. LawrenceYes
Clare (Town)St. LawrenceNo data
Clifton (Town)St. LawrenceNo data
Colton (Town)St. LawrenceYes
De Kalb (Town)St. LawrenceNo
De Peyster (Town)St. LawrenceNo data
Edwards (Town)St. LawrenceNo data
Fine (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Fowler (Town)St. LawrenceNo
Gouverneur (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Gouverneur (Village)St. LawrenceNo data
Hammond (Town)St. LawrenceNo
Hammond (Village)St. LawrenceNo
Hermon (Town)St. LawrenceNo data
Heuvelton (Village)St. LawrenceNo
Hopkinton (Town)St. LawrenceNo
Lawrence (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Lisbon (Town)St. LawrenceNo data
Louisville (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Macomb (Town)St. LawrenceNo data
Madrid (Town)St. LawrenceNo
Massena (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Massena (Village)St. LawrenceYes
Morristown (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Norfolk (Town)St. LawrenceNo
Norwood (Village)St. LawrenceYes
Ogdensburg (City)St. LawrenceYes
Oswegatchie (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Parishville (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Piercefield (Town)St. LawrenceNo data
Pierrepont (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Pitcairn (Town)St. LawrenceNo
Potsdam (Town)St. LawrenceNo data
Potsdam (Village)St. LawrenceYes
Rensselaer Falls (Village)St. LawrenceYes
Richville (Village)St. LawrenceNo data
Rossie (Town)St. LawrenceNo data
Russell (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Stockholm (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Waddington (Town)St. LawrenceYes
Waddington (Village)St. LawrenceNo data
Addison (Town)SteubenNo
Addison (Village)SteubenNo
Almond (Village) SteubenNo data
Arkport (Village)SteubenNo
Avoca (Town)SteubenNo
Avoca (Village)SteubenNo
Bath (Town)SteubenNo
Bath (Village)SteubenYes
Bradford (Town)SteubenNo data
Cameron (Town)SteubenNo data
Campbell (Town)SteubenNo
Canisteo (Town)SteubenNo
Canisteo (Village)SteubenNo
Caton (Town)SteubenNo
Cohocton (Town)SteubenYes
Cohocton (Village)SteubenYes
Corning (City)SteubenYes
Corning (Town)SteubenNo
Dansville (Town)SteubenNo
Erwin (Town)SteubenNo
Fremont (Town)SteubenNo
Greenwood (Town)SteubenNo
Hammondsport (Village)SteubenNo
Hartsville (Town)SteubenNo
Hornby (Town)SteubenYes
Hornell (City)SteubenNo
Hornellsville (Town)SteubenNo
Howard (Town)SteubenNo
Jasper (Town)SteubenNo
Lindley (Town)SteubenYes
North Hornell (Village)SteubenNo
Painted Post (Village)SteubenNo data
Prattsburgh (Town)SteubenNo data
Pulteney (Town)SteubenYes
Rathbone (Town)SteubenYes
Riverside (Village)SteubenNo
Savona (Village)SteubenNo data
South Corning (Village)SteubenNo
Thurston (Town)SteubenNo
Troupsburg (Town)SteubenNo data
Tuscarora (Town)SteubenNo
Urbana (Town)SteubenNo
Wayland (Town)SteubenNo data
Wayland (Village)SteubenNo
Wayne (Town)SteubenNo
West Union (Town)SteubenNo data
Wheeler (Town)SteubenNo
Woodhull (Town)SteubenNo data
Amityville (Village)SuffolkNo
Asharoken (Village)SuffolkNo data
Babylon (Town)SuffolkYes
Babylon (Village)SuffolkNo
Belle Terre (Village)SuffolkNo data
Bellport (Village)SuffolkNo
Brightwaters (Village)SuffolkNo
Brookhaven (Town)SuffolkYes
Dering Harbor (Village)SuffolkNo
East Hampton (Town)SuffolkNo
East Hampton (Village)SuffolkNo
Greenport (Village)SuffolkNo
Head of the Harbor (Village)SuffolkYes
Huntington (Town)SuffolkNo
Huntington Bay (Village)SuffolkYes
Islandia (Village)SuffolkNo
Islip (Town)SuffolkNo
Lake Grove (Village)SuffolkNo data
Lindenhurst (Village)SuffolkNo
Lloyd Harbor (Village)SuffolkNo
Nissequogue (Village)SuffolkNo
North Haven (Village)SuffolkYes
Northport (Village)SuffolkNo
Ocean Beach (Village)SuffolkNo
Old Field (Village)SuffolkYes
Patchogue (Village)SuffolkNo
Poquott (Village)SuffolkNo
Port Jefferson (Village)SuffolkNo
Quogue (Village)SuffolkNo
Riverhead (Town)SuffolkYes
Sag Harbor (Village) SuffolkNo
Sagaponack (Village)SuffolkNo
Saltaire (Village)SuffolkNo
Shelter Island (Town)SuffolkNo
Shoreham (Village)SuffolkNo
Smithtown (Town)SuffolkNo
Southampton (Town)SuffolkYes
Southampton (Village)SuffolkNo
Southold (Town)SuffolkNo
Village of the Branch (Village)SuffolkNo
West Hampton Dunes (Village)SuffolkNo data
Westhampton Beach (Village)SuffolkNo
Bethel (Town)SullivanYes
Bloomingburg (Village)SullivanNo
Callicoon (Town)SullivanNo
Cochecton (Town)SullivanNo
Delaware (Town)SullivanYes
Fallsburg (Town)SullivanYes
Forestburgh (Town)SullivanNo data
Fremont (Town)SullivanNo data
Highland (Town)SullivanNo
Jeffersonville (Village)SullivanNo data
Liberty (Town)SullivanYes
Liberty (Village)SullivanNo data
Lumberland (Town)SullivanNo
Mamakating (Town)SullivanYes
Monticello (Village)SullivanYes
Neversink (Town)SullivanNo
Rockland (Town)SullivanYes
Thompson (Town)SullivanYes
Tusten (Town)SullivanNo data
Woodridge (Village)SullivanNo data
Wurtsboro (Village)SullivanYes
Barton (Town)TiogaNo
Berkshire (Town)TiogaYes
Candor (Town)TiogaYes
Candor (Village)TiogaYes
Newark Valley (Town)TiogaNo
Newark Valley (Village)TiogaYes
Nichols (Town)TiogaYes
Nichols (Village)TiogaNo
Owego (Town)TiogaNo
Owego (Village)TiogaYes
Richford (Town)TiogaNo
Spencer (Town)TiogaNo
Spencer (Village)TiogaNo
Tioga (Town)TiogaNo
Waverly (Village)TiogaNo
Caroline (Town)TompkinsNo
Cayuga Heights (Village)TompkinsYes
Danby (Town)TompkinsYes
Dryden (Town)TompkinsYes
Dryden (Village)TompkinsNo
Enfield (Town)TompkinsYes
Freeville (Village)TompkinsNo
Groton (Town)TompkinsNo
Groton (Village)TompkinsNo
Ithaca (City)TompkinsYes
Ithaca (Town)TompkinsYes
Lansing (Town)TompkinsNo
Lansing (Village)TompkinsYes
Newfield (Town)TompkinsYes
Trumansburg (Village)TompkinsYes
Ulysses (Town)TompkinsYes
Denning (Town)UlsterYes
Ellenville (Village)UlsterYes
Esopus (Town)UlsterNo
Gardiner (Town)UlsterYes
Hardenburgh (Town)UlsterNo data
Hurley (Town)UlsterYes
Kingston (City)UlsterYes
Kingston (Town)UlsterYes
Lloyd (Town)UlsterYes
Marbletown (Town)UlsterYes
Marlborough (Town)UlsterYes
New Paltz (Town)UlsterYes
New Paltz (Village)UlsterYes
Olive (Town)UlsterYes
Plattekill (Town)UlsterNo
Rochester (Town)UlsterYes
Rosendale (Town)UlsterYes
Saugerties (Town)UlsterNo
Saugerties (Village)UlsterYes
Shandaken (Town)UlsterYes
Shawangunk (Town)UlsterNo
Ulster (Town)UlsterYes
Wawarsing (Town)UlsterNo
Woodstock (Town)UlsterYes
Bolton (Town)WarrenNo
Chester (Town)WarrenNo
Glens Falls (City)WarrenYes
Hague (Town)WarrenYes
Horicon (Town)WarrenNo
Johnsburg (Town)WarrenYes
Lake George (Town)WarrenNo
Lake George (Village)WarrenNo
Lake Luzerne (Town)WarrenNo data
Queensbury (Town)WarrenYes
Stony Creek (Town)WarrenNo
Thurman (Town)WarrenYes
Warrensburg (Town)WarrenYes
Argyle (Town)WashingtonYes
Argyle (Village)WashingtonNo data
Cambridge (Town)WashingtonYes
Cambridge (Village)WashingtonYes
Dresden (Town)WashingtonNo data
Easton (Town)WashingtonYes
Fort Ann (Town)WashingtonYes
Fort Ann (Village)WashingtonYes
Fort Edward (Town)WashingtonYes
Granville (Town)WashingtonNo
Granville (Village)WashingtonYes
Greenwich (Town)WashingtonNo
Greenwich (Village)WashingtonYes
Hampton (Town)WashingtonYes
Hartford (Town)WashingtonYes
Hebron (Town)WashingtonYes
Hudson Falls (Village)WashingtonNo data
Jackson (Town)WashingtonNo data
Kingsbury (Town)WashingtonNo
Putnam (Town)WashingtonYes
Salem (Town)WashingtonYes
White Creek (Town)WashingtonYes
Whitehall (Town)WashingtonYes
Whitehall (Village)WashingtonNo data
Arcadia (Town)WayneYes
Butler (Town)WayneYes
Clyde (Village)WayneYes
Galen (Town)WayneYes
Huron (Town)WayneYes
Lyons (Town)WayneYes
Macedon (Town)WayneYes
Marion (Town)WayneYes
Newark (Village)WayneYes
Ontario (Town)WayneYes
Palmyra (Town)WayneYes
Palmyra (Village)WayneYes
Red Creek (Village)WayneNo
Rose (Town)WayneYes
Savannah (Town)WayneYes
Sodus (Town)WayneYes
Sodus (Village)WayneYes
Sodus Point (Village)WayneYes
Walworth (Town)WayneNo
Williamson (Town)WayneYes
Wolcott (Town)WayneYes
Wolcott (Village) WayneYes
Ardsley (Village)WestchesterNo
Bedford (Town)WestchesterNo
Briarcliff Manor (Village)WestchesterNo
Bronxville (Village)WestchesterNo
Buchanan (Village)WestchesterNo
Cortlandt (Town)WestchesterYes
Croton-on-Hudson (Village)WestchesterYes
Dobbs Ferry (Village)WestchesterNo
Eastchester (Town)WestchesterNo
Elmsford (Village)WestchesterNo
Greenburgh (Town)WestchesterYes
Harrison (Town)WestchesterNo
Harrison (Village)WestchesterNo
Hastings-on-Hudson (Village)WestchesterYes
Irvington (Village)WestchesterNo
Larchmont (Village)WestchesterNo
Lewisboro (Town)WestchesterNo
Mamaroneck (Town)WestchesterNo
Mamaroneck (Village) WestchesterNo
Mount Kisco (Town)WestchesterNo
Mount Kisco (Village)WestchesterNo
Mount Pleasant (Town)WestchesterNo
Mount Vernon (City)WestchesterYes
New Castle (Town)WestchesterNo
New Rochelle (City)WestchesterYes
North Castle (Town)WestchesterNo
North Salem (Town)WestchesterNo
Ossining (Town)WestchesterYes
Ossining (Village)WestchesterYes
Peekskill (City)WestchesterYes
Pelham (Town)WestchesterNo data
Pelham (Village)WestchesterNo
Pelham Manor (Village)WestchesterNo
Pleasantville (Village)WestchesterNo
Port Chester (Village)WestchesterNo
Pound Ridge (Town)WestchesterYes
Rye (City)WestchesterNo
Rye (Town)WestchesterYes
Rye Brook (Village)WestchesterNo
Scarsdale (Town)WestchesterNo
Scarsdale (Village)WestchesterNo
Sleepy Hollow (Village)WestchesterYes
Somers (Town)WestchesterNo
Tarrytown (Village)WestchesterYes
Tuckahoe (Village)WestchesterNo
White Plains (City)WestchesterYes
Yonkers (City)WestchesterYes
Yorktown (Town)WestchesterNo
Arcade (Town)WyomingYes
Arcade (Village)WyomingYes
Attica (Town)WyomingNo
Attica (Village)WyomingYes
Bennington (Town)WyomingNo
Castile (Town)WyomingNo
Castile (Village)WyomingNo
Covington (Town)WyomingNo
Eagle (Town)WyomingYes
Gainesville (Town)WyomingNo
Gainesville (Village)WyomingNo
Genesee Falls (Town)WyomingYes
Java (Town)WyomingYes
Middlebury (Town)WyomingNo
Orangeville (Town)WyomingNo
Perry (Town)WyomingNo
Perry (Village) WyomingNo
Pike (Town)WyomingNo
Sheldon (Town)WyomingYes
Silver Springs (Village)WyomingNo
Warsaw (Town)WyomingNo
Warsaw (Village)WyomingYes
Wethersfield (Town)WyomingNo
Wyoming (Village)WyomingNo data
Barrington (Town)YatesYes
Benton (Town)YatesNo
Dresden (Village)YatesNo
Dundee (Village)YatesYes
Italy (Town)YatesYes
Jerusalem (Town)YatesNo
Middlesex (Town)YatesNo
Milo (Town)YatesYes
Penn Yan (Village) YatesYes
Potter (Town)YatesNo data
Starkey (Town)YatesYes
Torrey (Town)YatesYes

Unlike the retail sector, New York municipalities can’t opt out of cannabis cultivation and manufacturing by licensed businesses.

Christopher Anderson, director of research and programming for the Association of Towns of the State of New York, believes some communities will “opt back in when they see real-world examples of successful retail outlets” and business proposals are brought before them.

“If you’re in the middle of Oneida County, up in the hinterlands, there’s no pressing need to opt in – you can opt out, take your time and then only worry about the matter, or consider the matter, when you have a proposal in front of you,” Anderson said.

Municipalities might also rethink opt-outs “once participating municipalities begin seeing tax revenue,” Beacon Securities analysts Doug Cooper, Russell Stanley and Christopher Santos predicted in a Jan. 4 note to clients.

“Revenue generation is always on town officials’ concerns,” noted the Association of Towns’ Anderson.

“But I think they also have issues with public perception and fear, basically – it’s an unknown.”

Next steps in New York

The chair of New York’s Cannabis Control Board, which wasn’t fully established until late last year, recently acknowledged that recreational retailers won’t be licensed to open until 2023.

Regulations for adult-use cannabis retailers have yet to be issued.

“Now that the board is constituted, we are examining the critical elements of the timeline, including our need for meaningful public engagement, the interplay with equity goals, and the necessity of establishing a stable market,” New York Office of Cannabis Management (OCM) spokesman Freeman Klopott said in a statement to MJBizDaily.

“We expect to release adult-use regulations in the first quarter of this year.”

The Rockefeller Institute’s Trela said opt-in municipalities can pass zoning regulations to control cannabis businesses locations – a process that has “already started” – as well as approve time, place, and manner restrictions.

The 10 companies currently licensed to produce and sell medical cannabis in New York are already allowed up to four dispensaries, plus another four under the new adult-use law, noted Toronto-based Beacon Securities, with three of the dispensaries permitted to serve the adult-use market.

One of those existing medical operators, Chicago-based Cresco Labs, currently has dispensaries in Brooklyn, Huntington Station, Bardonia and New Hartford.

Bardonia and Huntington Station have opted out of recreational retail, at least for now.

Those locations will continue as medical dispensaries “for the time being,” said John Sullivan, Cresco’s executive vice president of public affairs.

“We will continue to talk to those towns about what their thoughts are,” he said.

“I don’t think any doors are shut yet. All these towns are still looking at this.

“The only way to preserve being able to opt out … with the (regulations) not out yet, was to opt out before the end of the year.”

In some other Cresco markets, added company spokesperson Jason Erkes, communities have opted out at first, then changed their minds.

“And then the next time around, they’re raising their hand, saying, ‘Hey, wait a minute, we want new firetrucks, we want new computers for the school,’ … and then they’re fighting in that second round to get stores in their community.”

Making inroads with municipalities

Some New York municipalities are creating processes to vet potential cannabis businesses, according to Rob DiPisa, co-chair of the marijuana law group at Cole Schotz and a partner in the firm’s real estate practice.

DiPisa, who represents landlords and cannabis companies in New York, offered this advice for cannabis businesses approaching opt-in towns:

“I think, first and foremost, you need to approach these towns not (with the attitude of), ‘What can the town do for us,’ but you really need to give them a presentation as to what you are going to bring to the town, what this business is going to mean for the town.”

“What kind of programs are you going to help the town with?” he continued.

“Are you going to raise money for charities? It’s just like any other business going in these municipalities.

“You want to show them that you’re going to be a partner, you’re going to be part of the community, and that you are going to listen to the concerns of the town.”

When approaching opt-out towns, Anderson of the Association of Towns advises contacting members of a town board directly to set up a conversation before making a more formal case at a board meeting.

“But certainly, talk to the town officials first – you may be the first person to talk to them about the issue,” he said.

“And what they may need is more information.

“And you also may find that they’re just not interested at all, obviously.”

Cole Schotz’s DiPisa said he advises clients against trying to launch a business in an opt-out municipality.

“If they really don’t want you there, that municipality is going to fight you every step of the way, and this business is hard enough as it is,” he said.

However, he added, opportunities might exist in opt-out municipalities that have decided to opt back in, “and you’re one of the first groups that is in discussions with them right before, or while they’re in the process of opting back in.”

Now that everyone knows which municipalities have proactively opted in, DiPisa said, applicants will be busy competing to enter those communities.

“So you’ve got to approach it like a partnership, you have to be open to change,” he said.

“You can’t just walk into these towns and think that you are going to do whatever you want, without any kind of input or collaboration, because it’s just not going to work.”

Solomon Israel can be reached at