Key UN summit could lead to international rescheduling of cannabis

A crucial milestone for the global industry could be achieved this week, as the World Health Organization (WHO) presents its findings on cannabis to the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) in Vienna.

The CND reconvened its 61st session on Dec. 5.

The WHO’s Expert Committee on Drug Dependence (ECDD) held meetings in June and November dedicated to pre-review and review of cannabis and cannabis-related substances.

The ECDD is an independent group of experts that assesses “the health risks and benefits of the use of psychoactive substances” and advises the United Nations’ secretary-general and the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) on:

  • Placing substances under international control on existing schedules.
  • Rescheduling – increasing or decreasing control measures – substances from one schedule to another.
  • Descheduling – removing control measures – substances.
  • Whether to continue monitoring substances where there’s lack of evidence around harm or benefit.

The UN currently places cannabis in the strictest categories in the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 and the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971, which only allow its use for medical and scientific purposes under strict controls.

At the CND meeting this week, the WHO could recommend rescheduling or descheduling the following cannabis categories within the UN Drug Control Conventions:

  • Cannabis plant and cannabis resin.
  • Extracts and tinctures of cannabis.
  • Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
  • Isomers of THC.

After a critical review, the WHO announced in June that preparations containing pure CBD should not be controlled under international drug treaties because “to date, there is no evidence of recreational use of CBD or any public health-related problems associated with the use of pure CBD” and it “exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential.”

The UN will vote in March 2019 on this week’s recommendations.

The anticipated recommendations could have a quick effect on the global industry, according to Michael Krawitz, executive director of Veterans for Medical Cannabis Access and a member of FAAAT – an international think tank focused on international drug policy reform.

“The immediate results of a softening of the status of cannabis within the international drug control conventions could include easier international trade, better access for patients, increased research and clarity that CBD isn’t a controlled substance at all,” Krawitz told Marijuana Business Daily.

The discussion is historic because, “for the first time, the status of cannabis within the international drug control conventions could be modified by a simple majority when member states vote what to do with the WHO recommendations,” he said.

Under existing UN treaties, countries that have legalized marijuana for nonmedical purposes – currently only Canada and Uruguay, though others are considering the move – are in violation of those treaties.

“Depending on the outcome of this meeting, it might well mean that these UN treaties may need to themselves be amended,” said Deepak Anand, vice president of government relations for Toronto consultancy Cannabis Compliance.

Alfredo Pascual can be reached at [email protected]

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