New Zealand voters reject adult-use cannabis bill, provisional results show

Image of a cannabis plant inspector

Brandon Veevers, head grower at Rua Bioscience in New Zealand, inspects plants. (Photo courtesy of Rua Bioscience)

(This story has been updated with industry reaction.)

Preliminary results show a slim majority of voters in New Zealand rejected the country’s referendum on a proposed bill to legalize and regulate sales of adult-use cannabis, the country’s Electoral Commission announced Friday.

However, the official outcome will not be known until “special” ballots are tallied, which will take place next week.

Those ballots – cast by overseas voters, the military, prisons and hospitals – add up to an estimated 480,000 votes.

Wellington-based Business and Economic Research (BERL Economics) previously estimated a regulated adult-use cannabis market could generate roughly 1.5 billion New Zealand dollars ($1 billion) in retail sales.

Provisionally, approximately 1.11 million voters supported the referendum to legalize recreational marijuana in New Zealand.

About 1.28 million were opposed.

Since Friday’s result is provisional, it is possible next week’s results could determine the final outcome.

But Manu Caddie, regulation and innovation lead for Rua Bioscience in the Tairawhiti region, said it is unlikely the special ballots will be enough to flip the vote for the “yes” side.

“To overturn the preliminary result will require the special votes to be at least 70% in favor, which seems unlikely but not impossible,” he told Marijuana Business Daily.

Local business leaders expressed disappointment with the referendum’s outcome but lauded the business opportunities in New Zealand’s burgeoning medical market.

“The medical cannabis opportunity remains our focus as a business now and represents a huge opportunity for New Zealand, in both economic terms and in terms of increasing patient access to valuable Cannabis medication,” said Mike Breeze, managing director of licensed producer Pure Isolation in the Otago region.

“The conversations leading up to the referendum have improved awareness of the current availability and shown the overwhelmingly positive support for medicinal cannabis here in New Zealand,” Zoe Reece, founder and CEO of Waikato-based cannabis firm Ora Pharm, told MJBizDaily via email.

The Electoral Commission had said it would count the referendum ballots after the Oct. 17 vote to focus on parliamentary elections held the same day.

The Labour Party, which won a commanding majority on Oct. 17, had promised to introduce the Cannabis Legalization and Control Bill into Parliament if a majority of voters supported the referendum.

That proposed bill was released by the government earlier this year to give voters a clear picture of what they were voting for, or against.

Business leaders had called that legislation “world-leading” for provisions that would reserve market share for micro-cultivators, prioritize indigenous-run business and allow for consumption lounges.

Only two countries have legalized adult-use cannabis at a national level so far – Canada and Uruguay.

Matt Lamers is Marijuana Business Daily’s international editor, based near Toronto. He can be reached at